West of Cappadocia in central Anatolia is the city Kayseri, formerly known as Caesarea in Roman times. Mount Erciyes, or 3,916 meters high and extinct long ago according to sources available on-line, looms over the city.
Near the Kayseri fortress, Hunat Hatun Mosque and Medrese from 13th century is located. Northwest of Hunat Hatun Complex is Mahperi Hatun Mausoleum that was constructed in 1285. South of complex, Döner Kümbet stands there as an ancestor in 1276; to west east - south and city center are divided by river. There are many medreses among remaining buildings around town because area has been historically significant for theologian schools.
North of Kayseri, the ancient city of Kanesh is one of the earliest Assyrian and Hittite cities. Dating from 2000 BC, Kültepe was also one of the world's first cities with free trade. Today only foundations remain; many findings can be examined in the Kayseri Archaeological Museum or Ankara Anatolian Civilisations Museum.
Among the nearby attractions, Sultanhan Caravanserai is an example of Seljuk architecture from the early 1300s. It was important as a rest stop for travelers before getting on with their journeys.
Caesarea became a key city of Christianity during the early years of the Byzantine Empire. Bishop Basil, in particular, travelled extensively throughout Cappadocia to organize Christian communities in fourth century AD.