Uchisar Castle is the highest peak in Cappadocia region except the volcanoes and the most prominent land formation. It is thought that it was a big fairy chimney once and head-part had fallen off and the rest became a natural fortress. A climb up the 120 steps to the summit of the fortress is a logical introduction to the rocky scapes of Cappadocia. Starting from the 1st century, Romans, Byzantines, Selcuks and Ottomans took advantage of the natural elevation of three of the area's rock formations and used them as natural fortresses.
Uchisar, together with Ortahisar and a rock castle at Urgup (now in ruins), provided the means for an early warning system using mirrors and lights, sending messages among the fortresses. Today the outer layers of Uchisar's rock have been washed away by erosion to reveal a honeycombed structure of tunnels and cavities, rising above the man-made facades of the modern semi-troglodyte village. Recently discovered was a secret tunnel leading to the riverbed, which provided an emergency water supply in the event of an attack. The castle offers two separate views for the travellers. One side has the village with amazing viewed-houses and the other side has multiple-levelled pigeon nests.
The Uchisar Castle and the town is about 4 km far from Goreme town and you can go there by using local transportation that departs on every 30 minutes. The best time to go to the castle is the sunset time as you can see a breathtaking view of Cappadocia and amazing sunset together.