Karabük is located in the northern part of Anatolia and was established as a province about 200 kilometers from Ankara. The city has an area of 1.376 square kilometers and about 250,000 people live within its borders (2020). Karabük's districts are Safranbolu, Yenice, Eflani, Eskipazar, and Ovacik.
Karabük became an important route between Amasra on the coast and central Anatolia in ancient times. The city's history goes back to the early years of Turkey, when it was a small sub-village formed by 13 houses in Oglebeli village of Safranbolu. There was also a small train station that served as passage for travelers from Ankara to Zonguldak during those periods. It started to develop with the industrialization of the country shortly after one of its first steal factories was created here in 1939, and began growing rapidly soon after.
The origin of Karabük’s name is unknown because it stems from ancient Turkish. Some residents believe the word Karabük means "land of bukes" meaning vegetation in the area, but that is just speculation.
Karabuk has nearby sources of dolomite and limestone, as well as iron ore from Divrigi. This allows for a variety of basic industries, including coking plants, blast furnaces, foundries and tube works. Chemical plants in Karabük produce sulfuric acid and phosphates. Nearby are the coal fields of Zonguldak.