The Sivas province is the highest of any city in central Anatolia, and easily one of the most mountainous. This uneven land has sheltered many tribes from ancient through recent periods, leaving many notable monuments behind.
Sivas has an important past as it was a junction point in the Persia and Baghdad caravan routes. It became the capital of the Turkish Danismend Emirates during 1142 to 1171, and later under Seljuk rule attained importance given to learning and scholarship.
One of the most outstanding of Seljuk's work is Izzeddin Keykavus Sifahanesi, which was a "house for recovery" in those times; meaning a hospital. This building was constructed in 1217 by order of the Seljuk Sultan and its decoration with painted tiles is beautiful.
History watchers will enjoy the finest Seljuk artistic achievements, including Gök Medrese (theological school) and Buruciye Medrese, both built in 1271. The Ulu Mosque of Danismend Emirate is another fine historical monument possessing a different style. Cifte Minareli Medresesi, built around 1301, also offers interesting history with its twin minarets located on each side of intricate portal that is embellished with delicate calligraphy.
In the early days of the National Congress, Sivas hosted a pivotal event in Turkish history. The Congress and War Exhibition Center is now home to evidence and documentation of that meeting as well as local arts.
The ancient town of Divrigi is located 165 kilometers (103 miles) southeast of Sivas and was one of the few Byzantine sites before becoming a Turkish site on 1154. By 12th and 13th centuries, it grew to be an important city. There are many remains from that period such as Ulu Mosque which has Baroque style stonework portals and was declared by UNESCO to be an eminent cultural heritage.