The small province of Igdir is located in Eastern Anatolia and lies as a fertile plain on which fruit and, unusually for this geographical region, cotton grow between two lofty locations. In the northwest, at a distance of 180 kilometers (112 miles), extends the high plateau of Kars province. In the southeast stands Mount Ararat (Agri) as the highest mountain in Turkey rising magnificently beside this province.
The Bible tells that after the flood waters receded, Noah and his family descended from Mount Ararat towards the fertile Igdir plain. From here, their progeny settled to the south and west along the Firat (Euphrates) and Dicle (Tigris) rivers establishing the second generation of mankind. The wide olive grove area is believed to be where doves carried olive branches from this land for Noah's ark.
The Harmandoven (or Ejder) Caravanserai was built in the 12th century on the Batumi-Tabriz silk road. It is 30km from Igdir, and has been restored since 2010.
Near the city of Igdir are a few monuments worth visiting, including Urartian rock monuments ̊ and Karakale (Black Castle). The Karakoyun village cemetery has several impressive black-stone tombstones from Ararat Mountain. These were made for heroes or young people who passed away nearby.