Yildiz Palace Yıldız Palace, also known as the Star Palace, was constructed in 1880 and served as the residence of Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II. Originally, the area was covered with woodlands and was later transformed into an imperial estate during the reign of Sultan Ahmed I in the early 17th century. Over time, various Ottoman Sultans, including Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz, built mansions on these lands and enjoyed vacationing there. During the late 19th century, Sultan Abdülhamid II became concerned about a possible seaside attack on Dolmabahçe Palace, which is situated along the Bosporus Straits. As a result, he moved to Yıldız Palace and commissioned Italian architect Raimondo D'Aronco to design new buildings for the palace complex. Consequently, Yıldız Palace became the fourth seat of Ottoman government, following the Topkapı and Dolmabahçe Palaces in Istanbul and the palace in Edirne, the former capital of the Ottoman Empire. Today, Yıldız Palace is recognized as one of Istanbul's most renowned cultural and historical landmarks. The palace comprises various structures, such as the State Apartments, Büyük Mabeyn, Şale Pavilion, Malta Pavilion, Çadır Pavilion, Yıldız Theater, and Opera House. Visitors can also visit the Imperial Porcelain Factory on the palace grounds. Additionally, a bridge connects Yıldız Palace to the nearby Ciragan Palace, which contains fountains and statues that reflect Ottoman culture.