Kars lays in Eastern Anatolia at an altitude of 1,750 meters (5,741 feet). The town played a significant role in Turkish history and was the focal point of the Turkish-Russian War between 1877-1878. After it fell to Russia for about 40 years as a result of the war, traces of Russian rule are found throughout much of Kars’ architecture. Visitors can also explore ruins from the Seljuk fortress which date back to the 12th century.
The Havariler Museum, a church which dates back to the 10th century, reveals a mixture of eclectic architectural influences. The exterior drum of its dome is decorated with twelve statues representing apostles in stiff poses that date back to the time when it was built.
Ani is an important archeological site at the border of modern day Armenia and Turkey. The area includes Armenian churches dating back over 1000 years.