Ankara, previously known as Angora and now the capital of Turkey, is situated in the northwestern part of the country. It lies about 200 km away from the Black Sea to its South which is also where it meets with three streams - Hatip Su, Ince Su and Çubuk Streams. Ankara is shrouded in a haze of uncertainty with the date of its foundation unknown. There has been evidence that it was inhabited since at least the Stone Age, and archaeological finds have shown there was a thriving Phrygian town located here about 2,000 BCE.
Ankara, an important medieval city on the Silk Road, was conquered by Alexander the Great in 333 BCE and became a major capital of Tectosages. In 25 BCE it was incorporated into Rome's territory by emperor Augustus and became its major provincial boundary town.
The city of Ankara was under the control of the Byzantine Empire throughout its early history, until it was conquered by Seljuk Turks in 1073. Crusader Raymond IV of Toulouse recaptured the city for Christianity in 1101 and allowed Christians to return to the city.
The Byzantines, however, were unable to maintain their control and Ankara became a bone of contention between the Seljuqs and their rivals among the Turkish frontier lords. The city has changed hands many times, with time passing by as each new occupant struggles to survive. Finally, the Seljuq Empire settled and Ankara thrived.
The city was captured by Orhan Khan of Ottomans during the 1354 invasion. Orhan then became sultan in 1360 AD and ruled until he died in a hunting accident.. Ankara was besieged during Anatolian campaign of Timur- Tamerlane. In 1403 it again became subject to Ottoman rule, and its importance as a commercial and urban centre was further cemented in the following centuries due to its location on the caravan route to Asia.
After World War I, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Turkish nationalist leader wanted to make Ankara the center of resistance against Ottoman Sultan and Greek forces. He established his headquarters there in 1919. Ankara was declared the capital of Turkey in 1923. To summarize, Ankara, located in the center of Turkey and the country’s second-largest city, is a large municipality with 5.6 million people and 44% under 30 years old. It is also among the safest cities in Turkey due to its ease of living. Ankara houses Turkish government offices, international organizations like embassies and institutions, as well as many foreign embassies, international institutions, and companies.