Osmaniye is a small town (974 square kilometers) located in southeastern Turkey; near the Mediterranean Sea and the gulf of Iskenderun. It was recently granted province status, after becoming a district for Adana until October 1996.
Osmaniye has a mild Mediterranean climate and is surrounded by agricultural fields and forests where carpentry and woodworking once dominated the economy. Today, it is a processing center for the region's production of cotton, wheat, corn, soybeans, and pistachios. Kilim weaving remains an important economic activity in some districts of Osmaniye.
Before the Ottoman Empire, the lands around present-day Osmaniye were inhabited by a nation called Lelegs. The region was also under control of Great Hittite State, Assyrian civilization and Roman Empire before being conquered by Ottomans.
Karatepe-Aslantas open air museum - which is a neo-Hittite site where one can find the remains of King Asitawada's summer residence and tablets with Hittite and Phoenician inscriptions - is about 25 km far from the city center.