Mus, located in Eastern Anatolia, is the third largest plain of Turkey. Nestled in the mountains overlooking Murat River and Karasu River, with a natural beauty, abundance of lakes and greenery comprising 8196 square kilometers along with 410 thousand people. The main economy focuses on agriculture and livestock trade as well as carpet weaving that takes place mostly in this city.
The history of this town dates back to the sixth century BC and shelters remains from many periods. There are impressive Seljuk mosques like Haci Seref Mosque as well as Alaeddin Pasa and Ulu Mosques. The land was ruled by Urartu, Median, Persian, Byzantine and Sassani civilizations before it fell under Turkish rule following the 1071 Malazgirt Battle; after that time it belonged to the reign of Anotolian State before being incorporated into Ottoman Empire governorship after 1515's Caldiran Battle.
Malazgirt (Manzikert) is an important and famous name in Turkish history, as the site of the battle where Turks set their foot on Anatolia for the first time. At that time Malazgirt was an important trading post of ancient Armenia's Kingdom. Here in 1071 Romanus IV fought against Sultan Alp Arslan from the Seljuk Turks. Although Alp Arslan tried to come to a peace agreement before the battle and despite the fact that Romanus was relying heavily on unreliable Norman mercenaries, the emperor refused to negotiate. After this inevitable battle, Alp Arslan defeated the Byzantines and captured Romanus. This victory opened the doors of Anatolia to Turks who then set about conquering all of Anatolia which helped form Seljuk Turkish state.