Mus, situated in the Eastern Anatolia region, is Turkey's third largest plain, covering an area of 8196 square kilometers and home to 410,000 people. Its natural beauty is enhanced by its location in the mountains overlooking the Murat and Karasu Rivers, along with its abundance of lakes and greenery. The main sources of income for the region are agriculture, livestock trade, and carpet weaving.
The town has a rich history dating back to the sixth century BC and is home to remnants of various civilizations such as Urartu, Median, Persian, Byzantine, and Sassani. It is also home to impressive Seljuk mosques like Haci Seref Mosque, Alaeddin Pasa Mosque, and Ulu Mosque. Following the 1071 Malazgirt Battle, the region became a part of the Anatolian State before being incorporated into the Ottoman Empire governorship after the 1515 Caldiran Battle.
Malazgirt, also known as Manzikert, is a significant and well-known location in Turkish history. It was an important trading post in ancient Armenia's Kingdom when the Turks first entered Anatolia. In 1071, the Romanus IV and Sultan Alp Arslan of the Seljuk Turks fought a battle at Malazgirt. Despite Alp Arslan's efforts to negotiate a peace agreement, Romanus refused to come to an understanding, and the two sides engaged in battle. Inevitably, Alp Arslan emerged victorious, capturing Romanus, and opening the gates of Anatolia to the Turks. This victory marked the beginning of the Seljuk Turkish state's conquest of Anatolia.