Karaman, once a district of Konya in central Anatolia, is on the northern foot of the Taurus Mountains. Karaman was renamed after a chieftain who conquered it and established an independent Islamic state called Karamanids which once incorporated most of Asia Minor at one time. A successor state to Seljuk empire but succumbing to Ottoman Turks by late 14th century.
Karaman is first Turkish town to declare Turkish as the official language in 1277 AD. Every May 13th, Karaman celebrates Language Day, marking the date of their decision.
Karaman Castle is a prominent structure on top of the hill overlooking the city. In the slopes below there are remnants of Karamanid Palace complex which once stood in this area during its Principality period. Horse carriages related to tourism routes serve as transportation from the castle, with tours of other parts of the city arranged.
Hatuniye Madrasa hosts exhibitions throughout the year. The tomb of Mevlana's mother, Mumine Hatun, is located inside Aktekke mosque. There is also an elegant clock tower next to the mosque. The tomb of the world renowned Turkish Sufi mystic and folk poet Yunus Emre can be seen next to Yunus Emre Mosque on Avi Emir avenue. Some other sites of interest are: Seyh Celebi and Akca Mescit, Maraspoli Cave, Bicakci Bridge and Ala Bridge.