The city of Bilecik in Turkey was the first settlement to date back to 3000 BCE. Throughout history, it has seen many civilizations come and go: from Hittites during the Prehistoric period, the Phryian era around 800BCE, Cimmerians around 200 BCe, Lydians 500-600 CE and Greeks 900-300 BCE. The Romans arrived around 133 CE and then the Byzantium era followed as they laid claim 600 years after movement started there by Alexander which had been known as Bithynia.
Ottoman Empire were established here in 1299 after two centuries following a conflict with Seljuk Turks who survived from south of this area near Smyrna or modern day Izmir (Smyrna Ancient City) and the city was renamed as Bilecik.
Bilecik has two significant battles from the Turkish War of Independence – The First Battle of İnönü and The Second Battle of İnönü. Historical kessels, inns, mosques, and baths can be seen around town. Alongside the cuisine, Bilecik is also famous for their tasty pastry specialties and delicious kebabs. In addition, they have wide range ecotourism and agrotourism platforms that are worth a visit. Kurşunlu Eco and Agro Tourism Village welcomes its guests with open arms.
Harmankaya Canyon is a nature park located between the districts of Yenipazar and İnhisar in Bilecik Province. The vegetation includes trees like oaks, junipers, rowans, terebushes, willows and blackthorns. The Harmankaya Canyon is a 4 km squared area which includes two waterfalls. No matter where you go in the canyon, there are always small falls and caves to explore. Wildlife such as wild boars, foxes, jackals, rabbits and squirrels tend to be found near these parts of the outdoorsy space too. Enjoy nature by going on walks or taking part in sports like hiking and rafting at this wonderful place!
Pelitözü Pond is 7 kilometers from Bilecik and can be reached by public transportation. The wonderful scenery makes it an attractive destination, especially on weekends when families come for hikes or cycling and enjoy the scenic views of the lake.
Türbin Recreation Area is a popular outdoor destination in the Bozüyük district of Bilecik with family-friendly amenities. To get to the recreational area, follow directions provided by Türbin Tourism Office and park your car at designated spots located about 200 meters from the entrance. There are fish restaurants as well as meat houses lining promenades that offer a lush cover for dining amid greenery. Karasu River—2 kilometers away, yet easily accessible via paved paths—is a natural wonder worth seeing if you have time!
İnhisar Waterfall is located in İnhisar district of Bilecik. The waterfall, located on mountain slopes and at an altitude of 520m, is partially hidden among the greenery. There's a path that leads you up a steep 300-meter slope. Follow the path and you'll encounter cold water coming from the falls at about 8 meters high.
The Kınık Waterfall is a rare sight for its towering fig trees and cascading water that falls from about 10 meters. It's 25 kilometers away from the city centre of Bilecik at an altitude of 360 meters, and it flows high during March and April.
The waterfall is surrounded by figs and plane trees, a rarity in Turkey which makes it difficult to access but worth venturing out to see. The water falling from about 10 meters has a high flow on March and April, making it difficult to reach should one choose this destination without taking precautions like hiring transport or potential hiking equipment beforehand (March can be especially challenging as snow blocks some paths leading up to Kınık).
Kurşunlu village is in the Gölpazarı district of Bilecik. The village is one of few ecotourism villages in Türkiye, and was chosen as the cleanest village in Bilecik. With its white painted houses and flower gardens, Kurşunlu offers a real village scenery. Within the scope of the ecotourism project, visitors who come to the village to get away from city life can walk through forests, bake their own bread in Adobe houses or have breakfast with eggs they collect from cooperatives.
As the birthplace of Ottoman Empire, Bilecik also shines out as the city of important historical mosques and other religious monuments.
The Orhan Gazi Mosque (Orhan Gazi Cami) is the first example of Ottoman period Turkish architectural art in the field of religious architecture and it is thought that it was built in the 14th century. The mosque’s most interesting characteristic is how there's a main minaret built on top of a rock some 30 meters away from the building itself.
Kasım Pasha Mosque (Kasım Paşa Cami) is located in Söğüt district. It is one of the classic Ottoman mosques and one of the apprenticeships works of Mimar Sinan. The building was first built by desire of Kasım Pasha, who was one of Suleiman the Magnificent’s commanders. Its stone walls, its windows with wooden swings and its mihrab also attracted attention as well as its woodwork made from ivory-coated silk and various coloured marble panels on which Arabic verses were embroidered in gold thread to create a lovely contrast.
The tomb of Şeyh Edebali is one of the most important points in Bilecik. Şeyh Edebali was a 13th-century Islamic scholar and thinker, and spiritual founder of Ottoman Empire.
Aya Yorgi (Hagios Georgios Church) , the only remaining monument of Greeks in Osmaneli is located on Cumhuriyet Avenue. The Hagios Georgios Greek Orthodox Church was founded by a group of nationalists from Greece whose aim was to provide a cultural heritage to their country’s past; they built it by hand and called it the “Holy George”.
Metris Tepe Victory Monument, located on the Bozüyük-Eskişehir highway, commemorates İnönü Wars. The monument was erected to commemorate great leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk saying to İsmet İnönü "You not only defeated the enemy but also the misfortune of this nation". It symbolizes invincibility of Turkish people.
The museum features historical items that belonged to the town of Söğüt and nomads living nearby. Among all these artifacts, there are banners, old clothing and accessories, hand woven rugs and carpets, measuring tools and coins from different time periods (from Roman to Ottoman).Osmaneli Houses.
The rock tombs 15 kilometers outside of the town center are carved into a series of rooms with both exterior and interior doorways. There is a single sarcophagus in three different places within this tomb, each belonging to famous Phrygian figures - King Gordios and his child and wife.