Menua Shamiram Water Canal

Menua Shamiram Water Canal

Built as to supply people with water, the Menua Shamiram Water Canal is approximately 50 kilometers long and has been transporting fresh water from the plains of Gürpınar to the Van Plain for 2,800 years.

Menua Shamiram Water Canal

Thinking that the mountainous topography of the country he ruled, which experienced long periods without rainfall and was inhabited with dense forestation, only had sustainable habitability if converted to a flat plain by irrigation canals, Menua who ruled the Urartians from 810 BC to 786 BC, built one great system of water management projects. The canal has survived till today as his lasting legacy.

It is surprising that some of the Urartian water architecture monuments still function in the region today. Moreover, the researchers also think that Urartian dams and irrigation channels are unlike any others in the world. The importance of the subject becomes even more significant when you take into account that this work survives as a result of the area's proximity to earthquakes and their destruction of monuments from other civilizations.

The Menua canal, a 50-kilometer aqueduct, carries water from the Gürpınar Plain (50 km south of Van) to the city of Van. The canal irrigates 5000 hectares of land along its length and is essential for agricultural life in the region.