Karkamis Ancient City

Karkamis Ancient City

Karkamesh, or Karkamis, is an important archaeological site in Near East Archaeology. The ancient city's most noteworthy part is located on the Turkish-Syrian border alongside the west of the Euphrates River. Meanwhile, a great amount of outer city parts are situated across to this region's territory at present day Syria.

The city of Karkamesh, known to be a part of the Kingdom of Ebla, was first recorded from its archive in 24th century BC. Moreover, letters and administrative documents found in Mari City around 2000 BC that are dated as belonging to three different kings with their corresponding reigns offer information on the city's history.

Karkamis Ancient City

Karkamesh flourished under the Hittite Empire, but was then destroyed by Assyrian King Sargon II in 717 BC. As an independent kingdom it thrived during Hellenistic and Roman times, until eventually being lost to history.

Besides Karkamesh's famous ancient ruins, it also has two main settlements from the Early and Late Hittite periods. Structures that function as administrative centers and religious sites form the core of the city in Karkamesh which is circular or rectangular shaped, made up of three sections: an external perimeter (the outermost portion), an internal area (middle) and a castle (buildings inside a fortification). Most embossments found at these structures belong to the Late Hittite period.

These embossments, depicting Goddess Kubaba and the ceremonies in which soldiers, priests, people carrying different animals, princes with long and straight swords are present provide insight into the lifestyle of these people at the beginning of 1st Millennium BC.

Karkemish has been mentioned in various ancient texts such as the Bible and other.