Kapidag Peninsula & Cyzicus Ancient City

Kapidag Peninsula & Cyzicus Ancient City

Nestled in the Marmara region, the Kapidag Peninsula is a breathtaking destination that enchants travelers with its charming villages, ancient history, rich flora, lush forests, and small waterfalls. Surrounded by the Marmara, Avsa, and Pasalimani islands, this peninsula is easily accessible to those passing through Balikesir and a popular weekend getaway for city-dwellers seeking respite from the hustle and bustle of urban life.

The northern and western parts of the peninsula are adorned with mountains that soar 700-800 meters high, while the area is rich in water resources that serve irrigation purposes. The Erdek Gulf and Bandirma Gulf mark the point where the Aegean coast meets land. The Kapidag Peninsula is a tombolo, a landform that connects two bodies of water separated by a piece of land, forming an island. It's an excellent example of this unique geological feature.

Kapidag Peninsula & Cyzicus Ancient City

Whether you're seeking adventure, relaxation, or a taste of authentic Turkish culture, the Kapidag Peninsula has something to offer. From hiking in the mountains to exploring the ancient ruins, from savoring the local cuisine to basking in the beauty of the waterfalls, there's never a dull moment in this stunning destination.

The Kapidag Peninsula is a paradise for nature enthusiasts who crave adventure and exploration. From daily boat tours that offer a scenic tour of the peninsula to activity clubs that cater to thrill-seekers, there are endless opportunities to immerse yourself in Kapidag's stunning natural beauty. Whether you enjoy trekking, camping, mountain biking, windsurfing, or safari tours, there's something for everyone on this awe-inspiring peninsula.

If you're looking to spend some time by the sea, Kapidag offers several coves where you can bask in the sun and soak in the crystal-clear waters. The eastern coasts of the peninsula also boast a range of accommodation options for those looking to stay overnight. From cozy guesthouses to luxury hotels, there's something for every budget and taste. So why not make Kapidag your next adventure and experience the natural wonders of this stunning peninsula?

Kyzikos Ancient City

The region's oldest known settlement, ancient Kyzikos, dates back to 756 BC and is believed to have been founded as a colony of Miletus. Located at the entrance to the Black Sea and surrounded by the hilly region of Thrace, Kyzikos quickly became a significant commercial center.

Following the collapse of Lydia in 544 BC, Kyzikos was placed under Persian rule before joining the Delian League and becoming a loyal ally of Athens. In 411 BC, the town allied itself with Rome. During the Hellenistic period, Kyzikos came under the influence of Pergamum. However, in AD 675, the city was partially destroyed by an Arab invasion, and earthquakes over the centuries further shattered its remains. Among the ruins is the Temple of Hadrian, which is sometimes considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World by scholars.Although only the foundations of the colossal temple dedicated to Emperor Hadrian are visible today, the temple's 21.35-meter-high columns were once the tallest in the ancient world. In addition to the ruins of the temple, parts of the ancient city wall from the 4th century BC, a large amphitheater built in the 3rd century BC, and sections of Roman aqueducts have also survived.

During the time of Saint Sophia cathedral's construction in Constantinople, the Byzantine emperor Justinian used Cyzicus as a quarry. The Ottomans continued this practice and, unfortunately, were also responsible for the destruction of many of the ancient ruins of Cyzicus.