Idyma Ancient City The ancient city of Idyma, located in the Ula district of Muğla province, was one of the Carian cities that flourished in the region. The city's acropolis, situated amidst ruins at Kozlukuyu, rises approximately 300 meters in height. In 546 BC, the Persian armies conquered Caria, but the city's religious and cultural practices remained unchanged. Later on, from 484 to 405 BC, Idyma became a part of the Delian League. The city was documented for the first time in a tax list dated 453 BC. During the Hellenistic era, a 200-meter long fortress with stone walls, rooms, and cisterns was constructed, which is still recognizable as a polis or city with Rhodian citizenship until the 4th century BC. In 201 BC, the Macedonian King Philip V occupied Idyma, but General Nikagoras of Rhodos regained control of the city for Rhodes in 197 BC. After the Roman conquest of Caria in 129 BC, Idyma remained under Roman rule. The city was occupied during the Byzantine period, but it was eventually abandoned as its significance decreased. Idyma's archaeological sites, which include ruins and rock tombs located on top of Küçük Sakar, still attract tourists today.