Gümüşkesen Grave Monument

Gümüşkesen Grave Monument

Gümüşkesen is a monumental grave site dating 2nd century AD in Milas. It's constructed of gray-white marble, and it has a height of 8,45 meters.

A two-story Roman tomb dating back to the second century, Gümüşkesen is believed by some to have been modeled on the much more famous Mausoleum of Halicarnassus which was once one of the Wonders of Ancient World.

Gümüşkesen Grave Monument

The burial structure was built of grey marble extracted from the Sodra Mountain quarries on a flat platform due to land slope. Generally, the burial chamber consists of 3 sections-the middle floor surrounded by columns where religious ceremonies are held and the attic supported by these columns.

The marble that was used to build the lower floor was in large rectangular blocks. The entrance door is not on the same axis as the rest of the structure, and is shifted slightly to one side. There are four pillars evenly spaced throughout this area that support a larger roof. These piers likely once held sarcophagi before they were removed.

On the second floor, the columns with capitals decorated with acanthus leaves used to be covered by wooden balustrades. The hole on the north side of the middle floor's floor, which narrows down like a funnel, must have been made to pour holy liquid or sacrificial blood into the burial chamber during the religious ceremonies performed here.

The ceiling of the tomb is embellished with a complicated geometric and floral pattern that emphasizes how significant the person in this grave was, as well as intricate masonry skills.