Green Mosque & Tomb

Green Mosque & Tomb

The Green Mosque, located in Bursa, Turkey, was constructed by the renowned architect Hacı Ivaz Pasha upon the request of Ottoman Sultan Celebi Mehmet, between 1415 and 1419. The mosque's interior ornamentations and handiwork were made by period painters Haci Ali and Ilyas Ali. Famous artist Mehmet Mecnun furnished the mosque with splendid tiles as well. Along with the mosque, there is also a mausoleum, a madrasah, and Turkish Baths.

The mihrab in the Green Mosque is a magnificent example of tile art. Its bluish-green tiles are adorned with turquoise ornaments, and the mosque takes its name from this mihrab. The Green Mosque is well-known for its tile mosaics, which decorate the muezzin's pulpit and Sultan's dais.

The Green Mosque was intentionally built in a reverse T-plan, and its facades were made with marble. There are four adorned windows in the mosque, each containing two mihrabs and four niches with railings where incomplete scriptures are engraved around the center of each window. Its interesting architecture and ornamental stonework make it one of the most beautiful mosques in Bursa.

Green Mosque & Tomb

The construction of the Green Mosque's impressive stalactite gateway took three years to complete, and it presents a monumental sight. Visitors can learn about the mosque's construction history from the 2-3 meter long inscription on the gateway. Within the vestibule, two Byzantine columns can be found. From there, the vestibule opens up to side rooms on the eastern and western parts, which have groined vaults and low entrances leading to the middle chamber.

The mosque's masterpiece is undoubtedly the tile-adorned mihrab painting, which features intricate geometric patterns. Iron accents, doors, windows, and cabinets throughout the mosque were also expertly crafted. As the Green Mosque remains unfinished, it is believed to have been used for meetings by various officials at some point in its history, perhaps due to the sudden death of the Sultan or because of the rise of new power in Istanbul during this period.

Green Tomb

The Green Tomb, situated in Bursa, was established in 1421 by Sultan Çelebi Mehmet and it is positioned above the Green Mosque. The building's design is attributed to the skilled architect Haci Ivaz Pasha and is considered a fine example of Ottoman architecture.

The Green Tomb is one of the most significant mausoleums in Bursa, renowned for its green tiles. Its octagonal design features a burial vault, with the Seljuk-style dome located on the lowest floor. The tomb's eight compartments feature magnificent windows, decorated with verses from the Koran and Prophet Mohammad's deeds on their window pediments made from bullet-shaped tiles, evoking an image of heaven above.

The tile-work mihrab in this tomb is truly fascinating and is regarded as an artistic masterpiece. Inside the octagonal structure, there are several sarcophagi corresponding to Çelebi Sultan Mehmet, his sons and daughters. Poems, written on white, blue, yellow, and navy tiles, also adorn the interior of the Green Tomb, adding to its magnificence.