Domuztepe Mound and Excavation Site The archaeological site of Domuztepe, which covers around 20 hectares of land, was inhabited as early as 6,200 BC and abandoned by 5,450 BC. It is believed that the site was founded by the Ceramic Neolithic people, but there is a possibility of an even earlier settlement. During the late Halaf period, Domuztepe was occupied by a significant population around 5,450 BC. However, evidence of prehistoric occupation ceases towards the end of the Halaf period. The site was later reoccupied during Hellenistic and Roman times, with traces of occupation visible in more recent centuries. A Christian church and a small Christian burial ground from the 1st millennium AD were also discovered at the site. The excavation site has revealed bones and artifacts from three major prehistoric stages, including the transition from Ceramic Neolithic to Early Halaf around 6,100 BC, followed by Halaf occupation from around 5,450 BC to 5,100 BC. Archaeologists have uncovered circular buildings at the site, as well as a range of material culture finds, such as ceramics, stone bowls, beads, figurines, chipped stone tools, stamp seals, animal bones, and botanical remains. Among the most notable discoveries at Domuztepe is a 5-centimeter stone amulet with a 'T' shape and stylized human-like figures, believed to be a talisman. This object bears a resemblance to the standing stones found at Göbeklitepe, which is considered the "zero point of history" due to its 12,000-year history. The amulet's wild animal figures draw attention and provide insights into the beliefs and customs of the people who inhabited the site thousands of years ago.