Direkli Cave Excavation Site

Direkli Cave Excavation Site

The Direkli Cave is 72 kilometers west of Kahramanmaraş's city center on the Döngel Distrıct. The discovery of a Mother Goddess statue during excavation in 2009, bestows it with the name 'Direkli' as this civilization once lived on Anatolia.

The Paleolithic Layer produces many important items, including blade-knives made of flint; piercers; pencils; scrapers and cores. One of the most significant finds is meat from animals living during the Upper Pleistocene. Geologists identify these bones as being from herbivores such as ox, deer, pigs, and beavers as well as rodents like bears or dogs.

Until now, 'Venus' style statues were only found in Europe. For the first time an example specimen was discovered in Near Eastern and Anatolian regions. This discovery dated the history of civilization through which Venus style statues could be traced back 5,000 years, between 16,000 and 12,000 BC.

The statue in the cave found in Direkli is about 3 cm tall and may be the earliest goddess to worship. The significance of this finding is that it shows humans had begun worshipping a Mother Goddess in Anatolia during Neolithic times, around 7000 BC.