Cilo - Sat Mountain Range

Cilo - Sat Mountain Range

The Cilo-Sat mountains are within the southeastern Hakkari region and form the eastern section of the Toros mountain chain. The mountains stretch along Turkey's southern boundaries, forming part of the Himalayan mountain belt. Uludoruk at 4136 meters is among the highest points in Cilo mountain; Catalkaya at 3794 meters towers over Sat mountain.

Cilo - Sat Mountain Range

Cilo-Sat mountains resemble the Alps both in general appearance and glacier topography. These high altitudes speak to the effects of glacial formation and water erosion. Out of ten glaciers, Izbirak is largest with a length five kilometers, width of 500-600 meters, reaching up to 100 meters deep at its peak.

The alpine meadows at altitudes between 2000 and 3100 meters make up the majority of the pastures for livestock in this region. The climate of the Cilo-Sat mountains is both fascinating and magnificent. As a geographic site or geological phenomenon, the peaks are often thronging with visitors from around the world during summer; yet as part of a national park, winter months provide prime climbing conditions that allow visitors to experience an equally captivating lifestyle.

A vast plateau, the culture in this region of Turkey is called "yayla" and evolved on the Cilo and Sat mountains. The migration of locals to high pastures during summer is especially memorable when these areas are teeming with brightly dressed people who have colorful textiles draped over themselves. Natural wonders such as glaciers, swiftly-running rivers, and beautiful glacier lakes occupy a sort of mythical place within Turkish culture due to their beauty despite their often harsh natural state.