Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum

Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum

The Bodrum Castle, also known as the Castle of St. Peter, located on the southwest coast of Anatolia, near Bodrum, was built by the Knights of Rhodes in the 1400s and later conquered by Suleiman the Magnificent in 1522. Throughout its history, the castle has served as a garrison, prison, and military base, and was finally turned into a museum for underwater archaeology in 1962 by the Turkish government.

Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum

- Finike-Gelidonya shipwreck (12th century BC): 1958–1959; first underwater excavation in Turkey

- Bodrum-Yassiada shipwreck (Byzantine, 7th century AD): 1961–1964; Roman merchant vessel with 900 amphoras

- Bodrum -Yassiada shipwreck (Late Roman, 4th century AD)

- Bodrum-Yassiada shipwreck (Ottoman, 16th century AD) (dated by a 16th-century four-real silver coin from Seville (Philip II) )

- Ṣeytan Deresi shipwreck (16th century BC)

- Marmaris-Serçe harbour shipwreck (glass, 11th century AD): 1977; collection of Islamic glassware

- Marmaris-Serçe harbour shipwreck (Hellenistic, 3rd BC)

- Kaṣ-Uluburun shipwreck (14th century BC): 1982–1995; 10 tons of Cypriot copper ingots; one ton of pure tin ingots; 150 glass ingots; manufactured goods; Mycenaean pottery; Egyptian seals (with a seal of queen Nefertiti) and jewelry

- Tektaṣ Burnu Classical Greek shipwreck (5th century BC): 1999-2001

The former chapel in the castle houses an exhibition of vases and amphoras from the Mycenaean age and findings from the Bronze Age. The Italian Tower features a collection of ancient coinage and jewelry, as well as an exhibit room devoted to a princess's tomb. In the Ancient Glasses Collection, visitors can find one of the world's largest collections.

The castle's garden contains a diverse collection of plant species native to the Mediterranean region, with turquoise and amber peacocks strolling beneath flowering trees and bushes. Visitors can also enjoy stunning views of the city and neighboring bays from the castle's towers.

Notably, the Bodrum Castle and its museum have a remarkable collection of reconstructed shipwrecks, including the Fatımi ship sunk in 1077 AD and the Uluburun Shipwreck from the 14th century BC. The castle was added to the Tentative List of UNESCO in 2016, and continues to attract visitors from around the world.