Acmonia Ancient City Acmonia, an ancient city situated on a high hill on the Lydian King's Road, is located in Banaz town of Usak province. The city boasts a significant amount of mosaic remains, as well as Roman and Byzantine ceramic pieces, building foundations, two temple podiums, theater pits, and architectural stone-marble fragments. In ancient times, Acmonia was the bishopric seat as attested by Byzantine-era documents from the 10th to 13th centuries. The city had several bishops during this time, including Gennadius (who later transferred to Antiochia), Optimus, Theotimus, Paulus, Eustathius, and others. Gennadius even participated in the Council of Chalcedon in 451 and signed against simony in Constantinople. He also helped determine the date of Easter each year through planetary computations at Nicaea II. Despite its historical significance, Acmonia has never undergone any scientific research or excavations. However, a rescue excavation was conducted by the Uşak Archeology Museum to protect the gymnasium floor mosaics, which were discovered as a result of illegal excavations in 2000. Unfortunately, the excavation of the ancient city site was halted due to an incident where mosaics were stolen and destroyed. The city appears to have been an important Jewish settlement during the 3rd century BC and 3rd century AD, as evidenced by inscriptions uncovered. The Jews may have even governed the town, as Emperor Severus and Coracalla allowed them to hold state offices in Acmonia. Acmonia is enclosed by fortification walls, and a Roman theater can be found in the northeastern part facing the village. Inscriptions on the gymnasium floor mosaics suggest that sporting events such as wrestling, volleyball, and boxing were held in the city during the 1st century AD.